How the Center changed the flag code to ensure the success of the “Har Ghar Tiranga” campaign


Unfazed by opposition attacks, the government has stepped up efforts to get more people to join its “Har Ghar Tiranga” (raising the flag in every house) campaign from August 13-15 to mark Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav.

Sources in the government said that from August 1, around 500 to 750 celebrities from different fields would start posting on social media platforms about their participation in the campaign and urging people to join. Between August 13 and 15, these celebrities would post their photos with a flag.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi had appealed to the campaign of Har Ghar Tiranga under the aegis of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav to encourage people to bring the tricolor flag home and hoist it on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of India’s independence.

The Union Ministry of Culture is coordinating the campaign with state governments and a host of agencies to ensure that in the 75th year of independence, the “raising of the flag by targeted households of 20 crore becomes symbolic not only of an act of personal connection with Tiranga but also an embodiment of commitment to nation building”.

To meet the unprecedented demand for the tricolor, the Center on 30 December 2021 amended the Flag Code of India 2002 which governs the use, display and hoisting of the national flag in the country. The amendment allowed the use of machine-made, polyester flags for the national flag. In the notification, the government had replaced paragraph 1.2 of part I of the flag code with “The national flag shall be made of khadi streamers spun and woven by hand or machine, in cotton/polyester/wool/silk”. .

A senior official from the Ministry of Culture said, “Flag makers in Khadi do not have the capacity to meet the huge demand for flags. The entry of polyester flags would facilitate the situation. This would not become an opportunity for Chinese manufacturers as India is an exporter of polyester and domestic manufacturers would be able to supply the required quantities.

Union Home Secretary Ajay Bhalla had earlier written a letter to Secretaries of all Central Ministries and Departments which included the main features of the flag code including changes made on December 30, 2021 and FAQs on the making and display of the national flag.

The Flag Code of India was amended by an order issued on July 20, 2022, amending Clause (xi) of Paragraph 2.2 of Part II of the Flag Code of India, 2002 to say that “Where the flag is displayed outdoors or displayed on the home of a member of the public, it can fly day and night”.

With these amendments, a member of the public, private organization, or educational institution is permitted to hoist the flag on any day and on any occasion, ceremonial or otherwise, in accordance with the dignity and honor of the national flag. Previously, machine-made and polyester flags were not permitted, and they could be displayed from sunrise to sunset, regardless of weather conditions.

A senior Culture Ministry official said: “We expect almost 20 crore of the country’s 26 crore households to be part of the campaign, knowing that some remote areas may not be able to do so. “

Interestingly, since the use and maintenance of the national flag is regulated by laws, the Ministry of Culture is likely to issue an SOP for mass collection and recycling of flags which people may want give up after August 15. A FAQ may be published. detailing what people can do.

The government is giving members of the public plenty of leeway by easing flag code clauses to ensure that hoisting the tricolor between August 13 and 15 does not become a tedious exercise or lead to legal problems. for participating households. The Indian national flag is governed by the Indian Flag Code of 2002 and the Prevention of Insults to National Honor Act 1971. offense.

With the amendments, members of the public, educational institutions, organizations, businesses and others must follow the rule to lower the flag at dusk only if there is a morning hoist. Alternatively, the national tricolor of any size (but respecting the 3:2 ratio) may be maintained at all times.

To ensure flag availability, a list of national manufacturers, self-help groups and e-commerce companies has been compiled. The flags can also be purchased at 1.6 lakh post offices across the country.

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Nearly 6 to 7 crores of flags are supplied to the states by the Center and the states organize another 7 crores from their own sources. Post offices and other outlets will sell the national flag in three sizes. To ensure affordability, prices for flags of different sizes have been advertised. A 20×30 inch flag would cost 25, 16×24 inch for 18 and 6×9 inch one at 9.

To improve private sector participation, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs issued a notification to all its Regional Directors, Registrar of Companies and stakeholders on Tuesday. The notification provides clarification on the expenditure of CSR funds for the Har Ghar Tiranga campaign.

The notification stated that “the expenditure of CSR funds for activities related to this campaign, such as the large-scale production and supply of the national flag, awareness and amplification efforts and other related activities, are activities Eligible CSRs under Section No. (ii) of Schedule VII of the Societies Act 2013 relating to the promotion of education relating to culture.”

The notification directs companies to undertake the “above-mentioned activities”, subject to compliance with the Companies Rules (CSR Policy) 2014 and related circulars/clarifications issued by the Ministry from time to time.

To meet the huge demand for national flags, trade associations are partnering with textile manufacturers across the country to increase supply. In a press release on Sunday, the Confederation of All Indian Traders (CAIT) said people were already heading to the markets in large numbers to buy the tricolor to join the campaign.

To make the campaign inclusive, a special web portal has been created. It has several activities to create a link between participating members of the public and the government campaign. A participant can pin a flag hoisted by him on the website.

Aware that young participants can be a crucial element, the Ministry of Culture has created a link on which one can post a selfie with a tricolor flag at home or elsewhere.

In Maharashtra, the government expects nearly 2 crore of households and 1.5 crore of businesses and office establishments to fly a national flag. The government of Uttar Pradesh has increased the Har Ghar Tiranga campaign target to 4 crores from 3.18 crores previously. This will include 3.50 crores of households and 50 lakh of government and non-government offices.

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Of the required 4.5 crore flags, the state MSME department will purchase 2 crore flags through the Government e-Marketplace (GeM) portal.

A flag making target of 1.5 crore has been given to nearly 76,000 self-help groups in UP. Over 10,000 registered NGOs in the state have been asked to deliver 31 lakh flags, while 81.4 lakh flags will be produced by nearly 10,112 private sewing centers in the state.

These flags would be available free of charge at gram panchayat offices, Jan Sewa Kendra, Anganwadi centers, panchayat bhavans, post offices and nagar nigams.

The opposition, unimpressed by what could be the biggest ever nationwide drill involving the national flag, is crying foul. Congressman Jairam Ramesh has publicly declared, “The hypocrisy of Zindabad! They are destroying the livelihoods of those who made the national flags from the khadi, which Nehru ji described as India’s independence uniform. He campaigned for the organization, which took 52 years to raise the national flag in Nagpur.”

Congress General Secretary Priyanka Gandhi Vadra has attacked the government over the recent amendment to the Flag Code. She took to Twitter to say: “Modi Ji, the tricolor made of Khadi shows the autonomy of the country and represents the livelihood of thousands of people associated with it. I hope that on this historic day, you will listen to the Khadi flag makers and make a sensible decision on their request.”

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